F*** Your Racist History
F*** Your Racist History

Episode 107 · 3 months ago

White Homeland: Part 1

ABOUT THIS EPISODE

In this episode of F*** Your Racist History, we explore three specific efforts by American white supremacists to create a white homeland abroad. In 1859, a physician turned orator named George Bickley spearheaded a paramilitary movement designed to aid the Southern states in the formation of a massive slave Republic consisting of 36 slave states and encompassing most of South America. He named it Knights of the Golden Circle, and the society was rumored to have nearly 60,000 members on the eve of the Civil War. Then, in 1863, a smooth-talking Florida planter and self-proclaimed abolitionist named Bernard Kock convinced President Abraham Lincoln to start a colonization effort for ex-slaves on an island off the coast of Haiti called Île-à-Vache, or “Cow Island.” Finally, when the Confederacy officially lost the Civil War, Southern slave owners who could not, or would not, face the uncertainty of their future abandoned the United States in favor of a slavery-friendly colony in Brazil where they transplanted their Southern practices and customs; they were called the “Confederados,” and they still have descendants living there to this day.

...***Note: This transcription service has errors. Correct versions of the script for each episode are available at https://www.fyourracisthistory.com/scripts. At the heart of America is a dirty andshameful reality. Every one knows it exists, but the devastating impact thatis left on generations of people has been glossed over and even ignore, especially by those who still benefitfrom that to our American history is rooted in races. More obvious chapters include thedecimation of native American populations, slavery, segregation, theJim Prote, most Americans have learned about- or at least heard of theseevents, but ask them about the Lugena movement or when home grown extremistsfilled Madison Square Garden for a Nazi rag or how Henry Ford's hatred of Jewshelped Inspire Adolph Hitler and you're likely to get a plank stare it's timeto explore these overlooked events that don't make it into our history booksand correct a record for the people harmed by them. The trace are passed tomodern tragedies and learn how folks over the sentries have fought back. Weneed to confront our racist history so that we might have a chance to defeatit once and full. I'm Christian Peachey, the formerwhites of premises, who became an anti racist actinise and a bringer of hardtruth on each episode of EF. Your racist history. You learn aboutAmerica's conveniently overlooked. Racist origin scores join in as we yankoff the hood and expose the lives behind some of America, so calledtriumphs and heroes. In the last episode we delve them tothe volatile, pre civil war, political landscape of the United States and thexenophobia know nothing movement. The no nothing's hung their hats onnativism violence and anti emigrant principles. They longed for in America withexclusively White Protestant leadership and prosperity for white descendants ofearly colonists, but they weren't the only ones with delusions of racistgrandeur by the eighteen is. The idea ofmanifest destiny had infected nearly every class of American feeding thenotion that God had bestowed upon the white man the ability to claim andquote Tame Lands of the Western Hemisphere and dominate all so calledinferior non white into submission, as divisions over slavery pushedAmerica toward a breaking point. Those who made their wealth and livelihoodfrom the exploitation of enslaved people started desperately trying topreserve their way of life. Secession fever in the pre war, southignited the fighting spirit of slaveholders, especially in the face ofthe growing abolitionist movement sparked by the. U S: Supreme CourtDread Scott Case in eighteen, fifty seven, this landmarked decision stripped allpeople of African descent of their American citizenship and, in turn,prompted a strong, reactionary, abolitionist movement to end Chattelslavery for good slave owners, of course resisted this Progressive Endeavour and theabolitionist movement in general outraged southern slave owners and nonslave owners alike, who profited from and revelled in the forced inequity ofblack people they perceived abolition as a personalaffront to their survival. So when a Virginia physician turned order namedGeorge Bickley started, giving stump speeches preaching secession from theUnion and hinted at establishing a quote golden circle of slave holdingstates from the Mason Dixon Line, all the way to Central America and quotepeople listened Americans were hungry for it. The ideaof a sovereign slave state built upon a foundation of white male supremacy anddomination over all quote lesser races...

...was intoxicating. People joined Bickley's, not so secretsociety, the Knights of the Golden Circle in droves, between eighteen,fifty, nine and eighteen sixty one until followers realized Bickley couldtalk the talk, but couldn't exactly walk the walk when Chattel Slavery was officiallyabolished in the United States with the end of the civil war and the passage ofthe thirteenth amendment in eighteen, sixty five hundreds of formerconfederates in their families fled the southern us in favour of establishing anew slave holding community in the really deep South, the South American country of Brazil, slavery was still legal in Brazil, anemperor dumped Ro. The second was hungry to exploit cotton cultivation inhis country. He welcomed the US X, Patriots with open arms. These people were dubbed Conedoradosand their descendants are still present there to this day. During this period, even some peoplewho were in the anti slavery camp were looking for ways to offload newly freedblack people from the United States. The end of slavery up ended almostevery aspect of American politics, many, including even Abraham, Lincolnbelieved slavery had forever tainted the relationship between whites andblack people, and so the only solution for in America without slavery had toinclude the deportation of free black people that meant colonization efforts abroad,which Lincoln agreed to in to day's episode. We explore effortsby Americans to create a so called white ethno state, be it in the UnitedStates by ejecting African enslaved peoples, the secession of the southernstates and the acquisition of new foreign territory or the totalabandonment of the United States in favor of the land more friendly to thewants and desires of the wealthy slave holding class. This is episode, seven of F Eur RacistHistory, white homeland part one on July. Fourth, eighteen. Fifty four,the early stages of the Subversive Racist Movement called the Knight ofthe Golden Circle, began to form in the United States. The group's organizer George Bickley,was at the time splitting residences between his Home County of TaswellVirginia, where he founded the local historical society in Cincinnati Ohio,where he was a professor at the ECLECTIC Medical Institute by the end of eighteen. Fifty fourBickley had developed a small cohort of devoted followers who considered him agreat intellectual, a practicing physician. He landedspeaking engagements in medical colleges across the Midwest. His oratory skills were legendary in eighteen, fifty eight bickleyretired from medicine and went to work for a patent company before plungingfull time into developing his vision for the Knight of the Golden Circle, it was timely. Uncertainty gripped the southern UnitedStates and its citizens were in the right head space for an insurgentmovement like bickleys, which preaches a session and the full scalemilitarization of the southern United...

States to defend itself against thenorth and abolitionists by eighteen. Sixty Bickley wastravelling all over the southern states to recruit new members. He claimed that at their height hisnights and over sixty thousand members, though, that number is impossible toconfirm. So what was George Bickley's Knights ofthe Golden Circle and how did one get accepted into this shadowy racistorganization? The Knights of the Golden Circle,formed as a paramilitary group, as journalist, Ollinger Crenshaw, putsit in one tunnin hundred and forty one piece for the American historicalreview, but to hasten the southward march of manifest Gustin and quote. Bickley's ultimate goal was for thesouthern states to secede from the union and form their own nation andgovernment, while invading and Amexia all of Mexico, Cuba and islands in theWest indies. This would create a sprawling nation ofthirty six slave states, affectionally named by Bickley as the Golden Circle, all southerners and Northerners wholived in the south and were outspoken about their support of slavery and theso called superiority of white men were eligible to join. As long as you were,white and Protestant, the Knights of the Golden Circle had acomplex organizational structure with at least three degrees of membership. The first degree was designated for theMilitary Branch of the Knights, which consisted of a home guard and a foreignguard. These initiates either stayed back home in the United States to fightagainst those. They believed opposed southern sovereignty or went furthersouth into Mexico to try to conquer new lands there. At the height of founderGeorge Bickley's vision, the Knights of the Golden Circle intended to includeover sixteen thousand men in their army. They also intended to pay theirsoldiers salaries that were one eighth higher than those the. U S, army paid, making the choice easier for a southernman with a martial spirit who might be a living hand to mouth. The Knights of the Golden Circle alsoproposed something similar to the Revolutionary War era, practice ofgiving pre emption land grants to veterans they offered either six hundred andforty acres abroad, or three hundred and twenty acres in the southern UnitedStates for sympathizers to continue their slaveholding practices. The Second Degree was the knights ofthe Golden Circles: Commercial and Financial Division. Again there wereforeign and domestic assignments. The Foreign Corps was to include supplymanagers, commercial agents, pay masters, Post Masters, clerksphysicians, ministers, teachers, editors, hunters and negotiators, essentially, everything necessary tokeep a rogue army running smoothly and to help set up communities with thenewly conquered lands. The home corps would coordinate,supplies and logistics be in charge of recruiting efforts and craft propagandafavorable to the cause. The Third Degree within the Knights ofthe Golden Circle was the highest level of membership and comprised the group'spolitical and organizational leadership. Just like the first two degrees. Thisone was also broken down into home and foreign councils to no one's surprise,no women were allowed. In the third degree, there were dues, of course, just likeany good secret society or Social Club membership into the Knights of theGolden Circle. Without paying dues was...

...expressly forbidden, the society also relied heavily onrituals. Secret handshakes and passwords. George Bickley was alleged to have beena member of the secret of no nothing's movement. So it's easy to see fromwhere these quirks and customs may have evolved. The Knights of the Golden Circle wereall about creating a so called perfect slave holding republic, that elevatedwhite men and subjugated all other races into slave servitude. George Bickley and his followersdrafted intricate plans to ensure this newly established independent slavenation would be a power player on the world stage. His recruiting efforts throughout thesouth were incredibly effective by the end of eighteen. Sixty supportfor Bickley's knights of the golden circle had swelled to thousands offollowers. They had a presence in every southernstate reaching even as far north as Ohio and Illinois, a tentative date forthe knights of the golden circles. Invasion of Mexico was set for January.Eighteen, sixty one. The news spread quickly among the members nation wide processsion, as newspapers gleefullyreported on the intentions of the nights and the goals of its leaderheadquarters were established in Knoxville Tennessee, and there wererumors that Bickley's insurrectionists were accumulating at the MexicanAmerican border January, came and went without anygolden circle activity. However, Bickley kept touring and givingspeeches, but the longer he went without actually taking steps to invadeMexico, as he had claimed. The more southerner started to believe he wasall talk. He regularly apologized and speeches.He gave to sceptical spectators telling them not to worry that the invasion wasgoing to take place at a later date. He cited logistical issues, apparently mobilizing a largely wishful.Sixteen thousand troops across eleven states and getting them to the southernborder to invade a foreign country was more complicated in practice and intheory, in New Orleans Louisiana, a group of Knights, publicly accusedBickley of being a liar and a cheat Bickley managed to avoid trouble byfleeing New Orleans and calling for an internal investigation into his ownadministration of the Knights of the golden circle, which perhapsunsurprising vindicated him by the time US civil war fighting wasunder way in the summer and fall of eighteen. Sixty one vickles hold on theorganization had fizzled, and the Knights of the Golden Circle was keptalive only by independent factions, rumors and press speculation. Many allegedly jumped ship and joinedthe Kuklux claim nickle resurfaced again as a surgeon and confederateGeneral Braxton Bragg's army in eighteen, sixty three, but waseventually captured and imprisoned by Union troops. After trying to return tohis home in Cincinnati, Ohio Union officials released him in thefall of eighteen, sixty five, but only after the trader had signed anoath of allegiance to the Standing United States government down south inthe land of traders, rattle snake, ten dollar gators right away. I come away aright away. I waywardens King and man are Chattels Union boys will win thefates right away. I may come away right away. I away we'll all go down to nice.o a e Tika boy must understand that a b isthe a when Abraham Lincoln won thepresidential election on t eighteen, sixty some of Bickley's knights fromBaltimore Maryland hatched a plan to...

...assassinate the president elect as heblew through town and route to Washington d C. I wish I was in Baltimore. I makes asession traders roar right away, looking and planned an eleven day,victory tour stopping in various American cities, as he headed to hisinauguration and conspirated his travel plans when he stepped off the train inBaltimore. Armed assassins would be at the ready to fire on the lanky states.Man Then, once Lincoln was dead, they would install the more movementfriendly John C Breckinridge. Vice President, under James Buchana, as newpresident of the United States, a traveling with Abraham Lincoln at thetime was Alan Pinkerton of the future infamous Pinkerton Detective Agency. I he uncovered the assassination plot andmade a discreet plan with Lincoln to thwart them would be assassins after Lincoln delivered a speech inPhiladelphia, honoring George Washington's birthday. He hopped theboard a speeding, train and avoided Baltimore altogether arriving inWashington D C, a few days early, and so the plot to kill Lincoln atleast the first one was for you. We dixie Knights of the Golden Circle. Membersand sympathizers were hard corse accession Ists, who believed in theexpansion of slavery in the United States and abroad as most wealthypeople in the south before during and after the civil war were in that camp,it's hard to narrow down who might have belonged to the secretive group, still supposed knights of the Golden Circleincluded confederate President Jefferson Davis I'll surprise. There confederate General Nathan BedfordForest, a founder of the Ku Klux clan, whose name Ku Kluck is taken from theGreek word Kuklos or circle M president Abraham Lincoln's, eventualassassin, John Wilkes booth and his Co conspirators John Sirot and Samuel Muddwere also members, the infamous outlaw Jesse James too, aswell as many more prominent politicians and public figures of the era. When a confederacy officially died ineighteen, sixty five, many wealthy slave owning families fled the UnitedStates and emigrated to Brazil, where they formed an exclusive community andcalled themselves confederates. Many of these people were believed alsobe card carrying members of the Knights of the Golden Circle. Following the civil war, many formerconfederates were concerned about facing the consequences of a unionvictory while most were simply unwilling to accept the confederateloss and the end of slavery. William Hutchinson Norris, a formerAlabama state senator, was one such person rather than face an uncertain future inthe United States. He is family and approximately fifty other slave owningAmerican families traveled to South America in search of a new home wherethey could preserve their southern way of life, in other words the institutionof slavery. After a long and arduous journey, the group ended up in theBrazilian region of South Pala and established a town that would becomeknown as Americana Doris, together with...

...men like Zekiel piles, the finalmilitary escort for confederate President Jefferson, Davis, H, F,Stiegel, a confederate spy, George Barnsley Assistant Surgeon in theeighth Georgia, Infantry Division, John Ellsworth, Drummer, first ArkansasBrigade, Benjamin Nancy of the Sixteenth Battalion of Alabamasharpshooters, would come together and build this bizarre little enclave wherethe confederacy continued to live on. These confederates created an insularcommunity that allowed them to continue their white supremacie lifestyles,uninterrupted. Brazil didn't have much of anabolitionist movement in the eighteen s, so the confederates went relativelyunopposed. Exploiting the indigenous peas, although Americana is often consideredthe most successful confederate colony. It was far from the only one during this time. Thousands ofdisgruntled. U S: Confederates fled to Brazil, where the practice of slaverywas still legal. When such American was Lansford Hastings who wrote anemigrant's guide to Brazil in eighteen, sixty seven during the civil war, hasting sidedwith the confederacy, despite being born in the north and living in theWest. Looking for a new venture after hisshort lived scheme to unite his home state of California, with theconfederacy failed, he established his own colony in Brazil. Hastings then assisted emperor, DumPedro, the second and attracting other lost cause sympathizers to Brazil. He died of fever at sea in eighteen.Seventy attempting to guide a ship of settlers to his confederate colony. It was only a second trip, Brazil, or at least Emperor, Dom Pedro.The second craved, this kind of emigration as a way to boost Brazil'seconomy. Cotton had become a hot commodity. Asthe world was suffering from a cotton family. The emperor wanted to fill the gap inthe market and thought he might just do it. By appealing to the right kinds ofpeople white Americans, he had provided a safe haven forconfederate ships during the: U S, civil war and now wanted to extend thatto any one looking to leave the United States and settle elsewhere. This particularly appealed tosoutherners we had their properties destroyed or confiscated. During thewar, the emperor promised cheap land taxbreaks. An immediate citizenship writes in a significant move, often calledBrasilian fever by newspapers of the era. Thousands of Americans emigrated. Estimates put the number of self exilesand close to twenty thousand people confederate immigrants beout more thanjust a racist ideology tied to an illegitimate southern battle flag. Theyalso brought technology such as the plow new crops like cotton, tobacco andwatermelon, and they established the first southern Baptist churches inBrazil, like other South American countries.Brazil could and would overlook the negatives of these new comers in favorof quote progress and profit back home. Prominent confederate figureheads like Robert e Lee and President Jefferson Davis asked people not to goto Brazil. They desperately needed their supportin America, while the South was rejoining the union and working thingsout with the federal government. A white middle class exodus fromsouthern states could spell disaster...

...for their way of life and the future ofthe newly established government. Realistically, those fears wereunfounded, as President Lincoln surged for a quick way to reunite the statesand his successors sought compromises that would keep the peace and alsoallow for terrible injustices and further oppression. In the name ofstatus quo, white supremacy, Brazil eventually abolished slavery asthe last country in the Western world to do so in eighteen, eighty, eight, the installation of Jim Crow laws inthe United States convinced roughly half of the confederates to return totheir home country and many lefty enslaved people they had taken toBrazil behind those whites that stayed eventuallylearned the language move to other parts of the country and many even married native Brazilians,with the rebel flag fluttering in the warm breeze residents of a small towngather for a southern style picnic. There's corn on the COB, candy applesand fried chicken bubbling in the pan. In one thousand, nine hundred andseventy two president Jimmy Carter was shocked when he visited the confederateof settlement of Americana with his wife, Rosalind her great uncle W S Y had been afounding member of Americana. The couple didn't expect to be greetedby Brazilians who spoke with an American southern drawl while adorningthemselves in confederate flags. After the visit President Carter said my most significant feeling was one ofgreat sadness. They had forgotten for all thosegenerations the enjoyment of being part of this nation. They still revere sodeeply the futility of it all was apparent. None of them looked upon theirancestors as mistaken. They didn't seem to feel any self pity side. Now many of Adolf Hitler's Naziswho escaped Germany following the end of World War, two also found themselvesin Brazil and settled near Sapao and in the vicinity of Americana Doctor, Joseph Mangala, known as theangel of Death, lived approximately twenty miles from Americana, along withseveral other prominent Nazis and their families when they were discovered. It might be a coincidence, but seeingthat Hitler's nosis was deeply inspired by American Anti Semites like HenryFord and U S Jim Crow Laws. It isn't too much of a stretch to believe thiswasn't just a happy accident to this day. Confederate Nostalgia andsentiments are still very much alive in the Brazilian town of Americana celebrations, known as Festaconfederate take place. Quarterly women in Nineteenth Century style, hoopskirts people dressed in confederate flag patterns and a group called thefraternity of American descendants. All attend festivities include dancing to oldconfederate songs, an American country music while eating traditional southernfoods like fried chicken, biscuits, vinegar, Pie and Chess Pie. Most attendees and residents insistthat there is nothing racist meant by their persistent use of the confederateflag, a Brazilian University even conductedresearch. Acclaimed quote only sixty six in slave people were controlled byus, expat there and state that this fact makes it clear they did not moveto the only South American country that...

...allowed slavery for the purposes ofexpanding slavery. In reality, historians can point tofifty four families that brought at least five hundred and thirty. Sixslaves upon their arrival in Brazil. Little else is known about thoseAmerican confederates who first emigrated to Brazil, but in the last few years, risinginterest in the black lives matter movement. There has encouraged someregular FESTA confederate attendees to examine their long standing traditions. A thirty five year old Brazilian womanwho has attended to feast. Her entire life told The Washington Post in twothousand twenty that, despite how proud her town was, she had begun asking thatthe confederate flag be removed from public display quote. It represents my family'straditions, but in the entire world, in the UnitedStates they know what it also represents and quote I'm guessing. She means racism as early as eighteen. Sixteen organizedsocieties such as the American colonization society also dedicatedthemselves to finding ways to disenfranchise and deport newly freedblacks out of the United States. These manufactured societies consistedof predominantly white middle class Americans and contained a large numberof both abolitionists and slave holders in their ranks the leading theory giving credence tothese colonization efforts abroad. The belief that the so called integrationof black people, after they had earned their freedom would be an impossibleeffort in the United States and blacks would be too angry and bitter afterbeing enslaved by whites to co operate. In short, a future free America was forwhite people only and they feared a reckoning for their past. RacistPractices. There's little known about a man named Bernard Coke, but he is bestremembered for being associated with one of President Abraham Lincoln'sbiggest political missteps. In the midst of the civil war, coke, aself proclaimed abolitionist. We also owned a cotton plantation proposed, afree black colony on a small island off the Haitian coast, called e Lavash orCow Island. He claimed to have concocted the ideaafter seeing the high quality of Haitian cotton while attending theeighteen. Sixty two great exhibition in London never mind the event had takenplace over a decade earlier than he claimed in eighteen, fifty one wherever coke might have been that yearby August eighth, eighteen sixty two. He signed a lease with the Haitiangovernment for him to occupy cow, island and harvest its naturalresources. He was granted ten years with an optionto extend if all was agreeable, payment would be fifteen cents, an Acrein rent plus thirty five per cent of any lumber or cotton processed on theisland cook was also offered tax exemptionsand protection by the Haitian government. There were additional perksfor his workers, newly freed blacks from the United States, such as the promise to them to becomefarmers or land holders when their contract was over and immediate Haitiencitizenship. Upon their arrival, President Fabri Geffrard of Haiti hopedCox plan for the uninhabited island...

...would create a new middle class for hiscountry. However, his enthusiasm wasn't matched by all in the Haitiangovernment at the time as a relatively new independent nationthat it struggled with colonization of their own throughout its history, white men with proposals ofcolonization did not go over well. However, Coke managed to talk PresidentGiffard into the plan by promising that all his workers would be of African ornative descent that only ten per cent of their bosses would be white cock planned to set up the wholeproject, as he believed that newly freed blacks would need quotemeaningful work with wise and paternal regulation, and now he just needed to convince the USgovernment. Luckily, for Coke President AbrahamLincoln's dance on black colonization was initially favorable lincoln sought colonization andemancipation somewhat as joint efforts, so he offered to pay fifty dollars toany one for every freed black person they took out of the country and gave ajob by September. Eighteen sixty two coke sought out Lincoln's Secretary ofState, William H, seward, for aid in funding his new colony abroad. However, it was bad timing. Central and Southern American countrieswere growing tired of Lincoln in CENOBITIC black colonization and beganto resist in an effort to smooth foreign relations. Secretary of Stateseward published strict requirements to curtail foreign governments. Complaintsabout the programme, any one wanting to claim the moneyoffered for newly freed blacks had to meet four requirements. Homes for them would be ready uponarrival. Adequate compensation would be providedfor their work, schools and medical care would bereadily available for those in need, and foreign governments would need togrant immigrants the rights of citizenship. Coke saw this as a road block to hiscolonization effort, so he decided to go over seward's, head and headed forPresident Lincoln's office. He over promised on seward'srequirements in an attempt to get Lincoln to agree. He told the president that he at leastcow island and wanted to take five thousand freed black people to work.The land coke would provide comfortable housing,food schools, hospitals and churches. You would also offer a four yearcontract with compensation. He then ask Lincoln to help providesafe passages and supplies like food and farm equipment to get the colonystarted. Coke's deal seemed too good to be trueand Lincoln had serious reservations. However, the president promised him hewould consider it. In a letter from January of eighteen, sixty three coke tried to further assure Lincolnthat he did not want to take the money and run instead of taking the cashmoney himself. He offered to let the government arrange, transportation andpurchased food directly for workers to prove his plan was legitimate, Lincoln and seward were still notsatisfied. With a deadline set by the Haitiangovernment looming coke went to New York in search of fresh investors. Hefound Paul Forbes, Leonard Jerome and Charles Tuckerman, and offered themfifty per cent ownership of the e lavash colony in exchange for seventythousand dollars. Cash...

Coke walked away with the funds to movehis plan forward. The first ship was charted on thousandeight hundred and sixty three and just under five hundred people boarded tostart the colony before the ship set sail. However, theUS government asked for a change to the contract before they would sign off onpayment. They wanted a guarantee of theperformance outline in the agreement at the behest of his lawyers, Coke thensigned over control of the contracts to his three business partners. This made the investors uneasy, mostlybecause they were unsure if they would be able to claim the fifty dollars perperson promised by President Lincoln feeling confident coke offered toinstead cut his share in a half, giving every one involved an equal twenty fiveper cent interest in April. Eighteen, sixty three, thefirst ship left the United States. Although the Haitian government'sdeadline and long past, the ship loads of people were welcome to the islandand immediately began setting up what buildings they could, while theyawaited a second ship with lumber to build their lodging, but it neverarrived. The investors were waiting to see ifthe venture was worth it before they sunk more money into it. Coax workers were livid. The Sawmill equipment was supposed tobe on the second ship, along with other vital tools to get the colony up andrunning. Without them, it would be verydifficult for them to survive. In the meantime, Coche had no problem implementing otheraspects of the plan. The investors had printed money withhis name on to serve his official currency on the island orthlessanywhere else. Coke began charging the new colonistsfor everything, eventually two months after theirarrival, the? U S, government sent Haitian Consulate James De long tocheck in on the operation, and he was shocked at what he observed quote affairs on the island is kept in thedark as much as possible. No person is permitted to land on theisland without a passport. The goods that coke brought with himfrom the states said the bee for the emigrants are admitted free of duty.These goods are then sold to the emigrants at an enormous Prophet Mister Cocke, also after he landed onthe island, claim the right to the title of governor. The emigrants that had the small poxwere put on one end of the island and what he called a hospital. The physician attending on them told myinformant that their position was no better than lying on the sea shore inthe open air. The number that have died. I have notbeen able to ascertain but said to be very considerable. Emigrants are not permitted to leavethe island and quote De Long also commented on the amount ofweaponry coke had amassed and said he believed they would do more harm thangood. He wasn't wrong after much pleading the second shipfinally arrived at Cow Island, but it didn't contain any of the much neededsupplies. Instead, the investors sent one of their ownpeople to further investigate the ongoing viability of the project without proper shelter and supplies.Many of the original colonists and workers couldn't take it any more armed. They staged a rebellion unable to quell it on his own coach, called on the Haitianauthorities, who arrested and imprisoned at least a dozen people...

...following the adverse reports, unrestand total failure to launch the colony, it was clear that e Lavash or cowisland would not survive. The investors tried to change thecontract with the Haitian government, at which point they took over andexpelled Bernard Coke from the settlement he returned to the United States withmany of the original five hundred colonists December eighteen. Sixtythree, the abolition of slavery and asubsequent reconstruction of the United States was much more complex than justending the civil war and a passage of some progressive constitutionalamendments. The Racist Mind Sets and divisions thatled to war in the first place didn't die with confederate General Robert Leesurrender at atomatic court house in April. Eighteen, sixty five. In fact,they lived on to the point that entire families relocated to a new foreigncountry to live out their dreams of a slave accuracy. Even though groups likethe Knights of the Golden Circle, failed because of George Bickley'sinadequacy as a leader, he managed to rally tens of thousands of Americansbehind the cause of secession and the invasion of much of Latin America. President Abraham Lincoln agreed withcolonizer Bernard Coke that the only way to co exist with freed blacks wasto expel them. American confederates set up a successful slave colony inBrazil, with twenty thousand white emigrants and her descendants stillcelebrate this history to day. Why don't we discuss this in our schoolbooks and why are legislatures across theUnited States now passing laws to prevent teachers and students fromusing texts and lessons that do critically examine these parts of ourhistory? To this day after nearly everypresidential election, where a Democrat has been elected Republicanconstituents in Texas formulate a petition for secession from the Union? Even former Texas, Governor Rick Perrymentioned secession at a rally in two thousand nine and secession talk, oftencrops up whenever conservative Republicans see something they don'tlike being champion by progressives, but secession fervor isn't justexclusive to Texas or southern Republicans. The Libertarian Party in the UnitedStates was founded in he s with these same secession as principles built intoits party doctrine quote, we shall support recognition of theright to secede political units or areas which dosecede should be recognized by the United States as independent politicalentities where secession is supported by a majority within the political unit.The majority does not attempt suppression of the dissenting minority,and the government of the new entity is at least compatible with human freedom,as that from which it seceded and quote, that's the Libertarians own words. We've covered some of the majorAmerican efforts to formulate a white supremacie ethno state abroad, but whatabout here at home? Well we're going to dig into that inthe second half of this two part series so in the next episode will detailspecific states efforts to quash equality and undercut people of colordomestically all while using the recognized laws of the land from theState of Oregon joining the Union in eighteen. Fifty, nine, with statutesthat prevented black people from settling there to highway interstatesystems intentionally designed to wipe out entire sections of predominantlyblack neighborhoods and the...

...extraordinary but typical exclusion.Ary Methods used throughout this country's history, even in more recentdecades to create prominent white areas, will provide stunning context to thewords systemic racism. It's time to open our eyes, and that must start with.Finally acknowledging that racism was built into our history from day one. It does no good for any one to ignoreour past when people are still being harmed in the present by it. If you're anything like me, you loveAmerica, despite what it was or how deeply were still struggling throughthis great democracy in progress. You love and respect it for the promiseof what we can be one nation indivisible with liberty andjustice for all. Equally, maybe if wee start acknowledging how weall really got here, we've got a fighting chance to get where we need tobe. That's all for today join me next time,as we shine a light on another shameful chapter of our country's racist path.We can't beat the problem if we can't see it. You've been listening to fourracist history. If you like what you've heard, do us a favor and rate us onwhichever platform you listening, it helps you can get more information onthis and other episodes at F. U Racist History Com for on your favorite,podcast, AP, Feu Racist History is produced by gold note and distributedby sounder. This episode was researched, fact, checked and written by Maggie,come and Jasmine brand links to source material and references are included inthe show notes. Our editor is Ken Pendola Music is courtesy of flat foot.Fifty six jamie mole is our producer and I'm the executive producer and yourhost Christian pea children. Thank you for joining, see you next time and isalways F Your Racist History.

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